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AI updates in brief

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 Judges versus AI. European lawmakers are working to reduce the power of AI and  AI graduates medical but can it work with its human colleagues?

Judges vs AI

European lawmakers have proposed a new charter that will force engineers to build kill switches into their robots. The kill switch is one of the ways the lawmakers are making sure engineers build ethical and safe machines. 

AI graduates college but can it work with its human colleagues?

When the Duke hospital installed a machine learning software to tell nurses if someone was at risk of developing sepsis, it left doctors confused. One of the doctors said, “it wouldn’t give good answers because it is based on algorithm”

AI powered robot built helps in the fight against COVID-19

A robot called Breezy One is spraying airports with disinfectant. The AI powered robot rolls out after most passengers must have left the terminal and sprays the disinfectant over surfaces in the airport.

YouTube announces the use of ai to age-restrict inappropriate videos

YouTube will now make use of artificial intelligence to age-restrict videos that are not suitable for children. Currently, the company uses human reviewers to identify videos that should not be watched by underaged viewers.  Soon, YouTube will be making that decision via machine learning. Although some videos may be wrongly flagged by the system’s AI, this will not be an issue as the uploaders can contact YouTube if they feel their videos were wrongly flagged as inappropriate for viewers under the age of 18. This move will help the video hosting site efficiently and more conveniently regulate the kind of content of the platform.

Nvidia launches imaginaire: new library for image and video synthesis, and other gan related tasks

Nvidia researchers have released a new universal Pytorch library called Imaginaire. The new library features an optimized implementation of various kinds of Generative Adversarial Network (GAN) images and videos. The library currently features three kinds of model implementations including:

  • Unsupervised Image-to-image translation
  • Supervised Image-to-image translation
  • Video-to-video translation

The library includes several state-of-the-art algorithms from each of the three domains, including: UNIT and MUNIT from the unsupervised image-to-image translation, SPADE from the supervised image-to-image translation, and vid2vid, wc-vid2vid from the video-to-video translation, etc.

Princeton university researchers have developed a new tool to identify bias in computer vision

The computer vision applications of AI have been under serious threat due to the issue of bias in AI systems. Earlier this year, Amazon, Facebook and Microsoft stopped the commercialization of their facial recognition software and banned the police from using it. This came after a lot of black people, women-of-colour, and other minorities were wrongfully convicted and arrested for a crime they didn’t commit because of the bias in AI systems. Now, researchers at Princeton University are addressing this significant issue with Computer Vision software, through the development of a new tool known as REVISE(REvealing VIsual biaSEs), which leverages statistical methods to recognize potential biases in a dataset. The tool can help prevent the biases of AI against geographically-underrepresented people, racial minorities and gender minorities within a given territory. 

AI can detect Covid-19 in the lungs through computed tomography

A new study by the University of Central Florida has shown that Artificial Intelligence(AI) can detect Covid-19 pneumonia in Computed Tomography (CT) scans almost as accurately as a physician. In the study, AI algorithms were trained on the scans of 1,280 patients, to identify the Covid-19 pneumonia. When tested on a new dataset of 1337 patients, the AI system was able to detect the Covid-19 pneumonia with an accuracy of 90.8%. Among the test cases, the AI was able to correctly identify 84% of the positive Covid-19 cases, and 93% of the negative cases. 

AI may help us create new Shakespeares: AI learns from Shakespeare’s sonnet to develop unique poetry

To celebrate the National Poetry Day, data scientists at Zyro embarked on an experiment to create AI-written original poetry. The AI was trained on about 150 Shakespearean sonnets for weeks, to mimic and replicate Shakespeare’s style of writing. Here is the first Shakespearean piece created by Zyro’s AI:

Thy brow is gold,

And I see thy glassy face bright,

Who by thy wrinkled brow hath much seen.

And in thy glazed eye I saw a part

Of life that could bear records

Of thy friend, for to age thyself must

Despise vain debate, and to lack

That argument with store, though yet barren.

Thy blackened brow cannot show me this,

Instance of apparel may blot out

As black a point as this, though thy life doth

Heap upon life and lives upon life.

For thus had this friend age’d,

And old age hath no garments to tell it.

The performance of the AI was impressive, although it was unable to perfectly grasp the Bard’s writing signature.

Goodbye to hold music: Google’s new ‘Hold For Me’ feature helps users know when to get back on a call after waiting on hold.

For a lot of people, calling a customer care line or any administrative office usually comes with long periods of waiting and listening to cliché music, before a human representative eventually picks up. Google has released a new feature to change this. With Google’s new feature, Hold For Me, users can drop their phones and engage in other activities while they are placed on hold, without putting the phone on loudspeaker to monitor the call before a human representative gets on the call. With the feature, the Google Assistant will call for you and notify you with a vibration, sound, and a screen notification when a human representative gets on the line. The Hold For Me feature is currently available on Google’s Pixel 5 and Pixel 4a phones in the United States.

 AI helps in beer creation in Switzerland

AI is here to transform the future. With time, every limitation on what is possible with AI will fade off. Swiss microbrewery, Deeper, from MNBrew, in conjunction with Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts (HSLU) and the software company, Jaywalker Digital, has created an AI-developed beer in Switzerland. Although the beer was still physically produced by humans, the entire recipe, which determines the outcome of the beer, was solely developed by an AI, known as Brauer AI.  For this project, the Indian Pale Ale Beer was chosen. The AI algorithm analyzed a database of 157,000 international beer recipes. With the aid of neural networks, the AI was able to understand the patterns in the recipes and it was able to select the malt type and their proportions, and the suitable hops and their cooking times. According to the researchers, Brauer AI can also provide suggestions for a beer that has really never been seen before. 

Microsoft releases new tool to detect deepfakes

AI is getting smarter by the day and it is becoming increasingly difficult to identify computer-manipulated images/videos created via deep learning and AI, known as deepfakes. 

Microsoft has recently announced a new tool, known as Microsoft Video Authenticator to identify deepfakes and prevent misinformation, particularly ahead of the 2020 US election. Microsoft’s new tool can analyze videos or images and determine a confidence score to identify if they are artificially manipulated. 

Learn more on AI here

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Bitcoin trades above $51k ahead of El Salvador’s adoption

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Bitcoin growth

Bitcoin price has rallied above $51,000 ahead of El Salvador’s adoption. The immediate surge in price may be due to the social media campaign that everyone should buy sats of Bitcoin to support El Salvador’s plan to make the coin a legal tender or it may be due to the news of El Salvador’s adoption of the coin as a legal tender on September 7. Users of social media platforms like Twitter and Reddit are discussing how they will buy Bitcoin of $30 each to mark the new El Salvador Bitcoin law.

The surge in Bitcoin’s price began in the last 24hrs with the price rallying around $51,955 with a 3.37% increase. This is an all-time high after the April crash that brought the price of Bitcoin from $64k down to $28k. The move by El Salvador to be the first country that accepts Bitcoin as a legal tender and the social media campaign that leads to a surge in price ahead September 7 are a repetition of events that occurred late last year and early this year with regards to institutional investors and how the price of Bitcoin skyrocketed.

El Salvador, a country in Central America, has been preparing heavily to adopt Bitcoin by installing ATMs to allow citizens to convert the token into US dollars. Last week, the country’s Legislative Assembly passed a law to allow for the creation of a $150m Trust to support the conversion of Bitcoins to US dollars.

To promote the use of Bitcoin, the government states that it will give the adult population of El Salvador $30 in Bitcoin once they download “Chivo” the wallet issued by the government. This was confirmed by the Finance Minister, Alejandro Zelaya.

What this means for Bitcoin investors

Apart from the adoption by Salvadorians, on-chain analytics show that Bitcoin is in high demand. The fourth halving that occurred will make Bitcoin become a scarce token in the nearest future. Thereby increasing the price sporadically.

With El Salvador’s interest in Bitcoin, other countries are likely to follow suit- Panama is considering following El Salvador’s lead. History will repeat itself as this development will serve as another crypto rout that occurred early this year when Tesla and MicroStrategy announced their support for Bitcoin.

El Salvador’s new law allows the use of Bitcoin as a legal tender it can be used to buy goods, pay for taxes and bank loans. This means more demand for Bitcoin, with the fourth halving that occurred, it means less supply. A common rule of economics for demand and supply will apply. Prices are projected to keep rising. At the time of writing this report, Bitcoin is trading at $51,839 with a projection of $52k before the end of today and higher tomorrow when Salvadorians begin to use the token.

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Why some people thinks AI still lack common sense – Decentralize Brief Nov. 16 – Nov. 23

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Published twice a week (Mondays and Fridays), Decentralized Brief  is a curation of the most important news story in the world of Crypto, Blockchain and AI. Subscribe for the newsletter here and read our previous curations.

This week, we learn how to teach your AI to drive, why some people think AI still lacks a lot of common sense, and the vacuum cleaner that could be listening on your conversations.

Teaching robots to drive

Robots can now learn complicated tasks by just watching a couple of demonstrations that might not be even perfect. The new system designed by researchers, helps a domestic robot, for example, to learn how to do basic chores or even set the dinner table.

New test shows AI still lacks common sense

When it comes to natural language processing, AI has undoubtedly been taking great strides. However, does AI really understand what it reads? Researchers have discovered that AI still lacks a lot of common sense it needs to create plausible sentences.

Your vacuum cleaner could be listening to you

It turns out that your vacuum cleaner could be hacked and used as a listening device, since it has a microphone. A group of researchers at the Computer Science Department of the University of Maryland, recently demonstrated this.

AI has definitely come a long way, and people’s reactions to the disruptive technology, are quite mixed. Whilst some are trying to key into the technology as it is looking to be a major part of the fourth industrial revolution, others are wary of its impact. 

Mini brains that help AI feel pain and repair itself

Scientists from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, have designed a brain for AI that will help it process and respond to pain. The system, which is considered to be a mini-brain, will help computers feel pain exerted by physical pressure. It can also help the computer do mini repairs. 

Nigerian artificial intelligence and robotics centre

Africa’s most populous country, Nigeria, has built an AI and robotics centre in preparation for the fourth industrial revolution. The centre was built in the country’s capital, Abuja. 

Pope urges Catholics to pray that AI doesn’t rebel against mankind 

One of the Pope’s prayer points for the month of November is for advanced technologies like AI to avoid rebelling against mankind. The Pope says future technologies should not cause inequality between humans, but should respect the dignity of all humans. As such, he has urged Catholics to pray that AI will always serve humankind.

Students discover a way to fool AI into changing grades.

An AI algorithm that marks essays has been outwitted. An online platform for virtual learning that uses AI to grade essays, has been discovered to actually grade based on relevant keywords. Once these keywords are in the essay, the AI gives students a perfect score. 

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Did AI predict U.S. elections correctly? Cryptocurrencies will become a Fintech trend by 2021

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Published twice a week (Mondays and Fridays), Decentralized Brief  is a curation of the most important news story in the world of Crypto, Blockchain and AI. Subscribe for the newsletter here and read our previous curations.

Hey there! Happy New Week!

In today’s curations: AI predictions for the Nov. 3 US presidential election were not accurate and we shared why cryptocurrencies will be an inevitable fintech world in 2021

Curated Samuel Attah, Bolu Abiodun ✍

Did AI correctly predict the next U.S. president

2020 US election chart
Dodo Ahanu (FLICKR)

Different AI firms have predicted the U.S. elections based on sentiments on Twitter. While most of them predicted that Joe Biden would win the election, the numbers compared to the actual polls were not very accurate. A company called KCore Analytics, used about 1 billion tweets to predict the elections, and the company was about 89.5% accurate. 

Cockroach and Lizard robots

Cockroaches and lizards have inspired the creation of a robot. The robot can swim, run on water at incredible speeds, and crawl on difficult terrains. The robot, which is known as the AmphiSTAR, is envisioned to help out with agricultural projects as well as search and rescue missions.

Training AI just the way we train dogs

A robot named ‘spot’, can now teach itself how to perform tasks the same way dogs are taught to sit, stand, roll over and do other tricks. Computer scientists at the John Hopkins University, stated that the robot taught itself to perform tasks that would have normally taken several months, in a few weeks. 

Cryptocurrency could be one of the biggest fintech trends of 2021.

Cryptocurrency like Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ripple
Cryptocurrencies (FLICKR)

The CEO of Token Metrics, Ian Balina, has said that “The most important fintech trends in 2021 will be cryptocurrencies.” Balina says bitcoin will surpass its all-time high of $20,000, and gain massive mainstream attention. With a lot of big players like PayPal, Square, Facebook and Samsung endorsing the currency, it shows that Bitcoin is mature for the mainstream.

Cryptocurrencies you can invest in before the year runs out

It has been a remarkable few weeks in the world of cryptocurrencies. We’ve seen Bitcoin on a rampage, and other currencies like Ethereum, following suit. In light of all the positivity trailing the crypto community, in no particular order, here are some of the currencies that can currently be invested.

Lunch Time Read:

  • When it comes to elections in Africa, the tales carry enough tragedy— from deep electoral malpractices to violence. Jerry Ojumah has one of such tales, and this is why he used his ingenuity and creativity to create an election process that could afford Africa a chance at the limelight.
  • Extended Reality is still a far-fetched technology, in Africa, however, it’s gradually taking a spot in countries like Nigeria.

Have a lovely week!

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Subscribe to “Decentralize Brief” and stay up-to-date on emerging tech from the world of Crypto, Blockchain and AI published Mondays and Fridays.

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