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Yield Farming: The magic of making more crypto by saving crypto

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Yield Farming
Source: Robopay (Image was modified)

As more and more innovations infiltrate the cryptocurrency space, a new term is often created to identify the innovation and the practise of the innovation. 

Yield farming is the hottest new term in the crypto space right now. Simply put, yield farming is a way of earning crypto with the crypto you have already. It involves lending money out to others, the lending process is backed by smart contracts and in return for the service of lending you earn crypto. There are far more complexities to yield farming but lending and commission is the whole idea behind the concept.

Yield farming grew out of the DeFi (decentralized finance), DeFi, which is also one of the relatively new buzzwords in the crypto space, brings more features of traditional banking to the digital sphere of crypto. Features like borrowing and lending are some of the upgrades in the world of crypto.

How it started

On the 14th of June, an Ethereum-based credit market called Compound, began distribution of its token known as the COMP token. The COMP token is a governance token, its live distribution was so successful that the platform reached $600 million in Total Value Locked (TVL). This made compound a big name in the world of decentralized finance. The large sale of these governance tokens got people interested in Compound. As a result, putting crypto that would have otherwise been sitting idle in a wallet, at the disposal of Compound, meant fairly high returns

What are tokens?

Crypto tokens are also digital currencies but they are quite different from actual crypto currencies. Tokens are also called crypto assets, they are special types of assets within the blockchain of a particular cryptocurrency. They can be used within the blockchain of that crypto currency. Sometimes, they are used as ICOs (Initial Coin Offering), like buying shares of a company, crypto tokens are like money that can be used for specific purposes within an application. They are like getting voucher cards on an online shopping platform, but can only be used on that platform. Just like shopping vouchers, tokens can be used as reward systems for network participants.

Tokens are built over an existing blockchain, so, unlike an independent crypto like Ethereum, tokens cannot stand alone. Whilst ETH is an independent currency of the ethereum blockchain, ERC20 is a token built on top of that blockchain.

Again, governance tokens differ slightly from regular crypto tokens.  this governance tokens, give holders power to make changes to the governance parameters

How exactly does yield farming work?

Yield farming is essentially putting your crypto in a credit based market like compound and expecting returns. Yield farming involves liquidity providers and liquidity pools. The liquidity providers are the yield farmers who put their crypto in liquidity pools where others can lend the crypto. By using this service a cost is incurred, the liquidity providers are then paid from the amount incurred by the users of the service. The payment depends on their stake in the liquidity pool. 

All these activities are done with smart contracts on the ethereum blockchain. The smart contract decides the specifics of the interaction between lenders and borrowers. It decides how much interest the borrower pays.

Funds deposited into the liquidity pools are usually stable coins pegged to the dollar, as it is easy to track profit and losses with them. Cryptocurrencies like ETH can also be used. Profits on yield farming are annualized. Essentially, what has been earned can only be evaluated after a year.

Is yield farming a guaranteed profit making venture?

Yield farming is a complex process and can be very risky. Yield farming works best when there is enough capital to put in. Some suggest that it is a venture best for whales, who have a very deep supply of capital. Yield farming involves reading of smart contracts and other complex activities, a lack of understanding of these activities will most definitely lead to a loss. 

Volatility could also cause losses, if there is a sharp drop in price of the stake put in a liquidity pool, the value of the stake drops lower than the initial amount put into the stake. 

Yield farming is still a new niche in the world of crypto and DeFi, although it has been profitable for some, it will go through a series of evolutions before it becomes profitable for many.   

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Decentralize Daily

From Crypto and Blockchain to AI, Fintech and Web 3.0 delivered twice in a week (Mondays and Fridays)

Bolu Abiodun is a recent graduate of Theatre and Media Arts, Federal University Oye-Ekiti. A journalist with over a year's experience on the job. A former editor at American Media company Project Forward, he is a skilled content creator, social media manager and digital marketer.

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Crypto Assets

Crypto prices drop as global market fear increases

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Top cryptocurrency prices have fallen amidst a drop in stocks and fears over China’s Evergrande debt crisis. In the last 24hour, Bitcoin dropped from $47,772 to $42,630 shedding about 8.58%. this is the lowest in price since another bull run began on Sept 5 after the April crash.

El- Salvador’s President, Nayib Bukele sees the fall as an opportunity to invest more. Recall that the country adopted Bitcoin as a legal tender on September 7. Despite the adoption, the price of Bitcoin has fallen by almost 14% since then.

Other coins have experienced dramatic crashes within the last 24hours. Solana, a coin that has experienced 355% growth within the last 3 months fell from $162 to $130 shedding about 11.39% within the last 24hours. Solana’s fall may be categorized by the 17-hour outage which the founder, Anatoly Yakovenko said was caused by bots “flooding the networks”

Ethereum fell by 9.37% while Dogecoin and Axie Infinity fell by 11.22% and 14.14% respectively within the last 24hrs hours. While crypto experiences dark Monday, El-Salvador keeps investing more money in Bitcoin.

A look at the global market

The global market is experiencing fear due to the Evergrande debt crisis. A report published by the University of Michigan shows that consumer’s sentiment is beginning to decline. This trend alone may impact the crypto market as well.

On the other hand, the global market downturn must have been spurred by the Evergrande debt crisis. The company grew to be one of China’s biggest companies by borrowing more than $300bn. Last year, Beijing made rules to control the debt owed by big real estate developers. This led Evergrande to offer its properties at major discounts to raise more money to keep the business afloat. Right now, the company is struggling to meet the interest on payment of debts.

Why would it matter if Evergrande fails?

The collapse of the multi-million dollars company would affect the global market; including the crypto market. Many people bought properties from Evergrande and they expect to make gains. If Evergrande falls, crypto investors will be forced to withdraw more money to keep their business running without the means to invest more. When one business fails, the other gets affected indirectly. This also applies to other firms that do businesses with Evergrande.

The potential impact on China’s financial system is another effect of Evergrande’s fall. In his statement to BBC, Mattie Berkink, the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), said that “the financial fallout would be far-reaching. Evergrande reportedly owes money to around 171 domestic banks 121 other financial firms” if the company fails, other lenders or businesses may be forced to lend less. Thereby leading to a credit crunch- a situation where companies struggle to borrow money.

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El Salvador’s Bitcoin adoption – What you need to know

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El Salvador made history (and headlines) after becoming the first nation to endorse and approve the world’s most popular cryptocurrency, Bitcoin, as a legal tender. The move makes Bitcoin acceptable for transactions within the Central American country alongside the U.S dollar, which has been serving as the paper currency since 2001. This comes after the so-called “Bitcoin Law” came into force after passing legislation in June of 2021. El Salvador’s government announced that it had purchased 400 Bitcoin in 2 tranches of 200 each and plans to get more in the future.

The move to adopt Bitcoin has been justified by the government’s need to boost financial inclusion in the country. It is estimated that 70% of El Salvadorans do not have access to financial services and the government believes that Bitcoin can help close the gap. The Bank of America has outlined a few benefits that they believe will result from El Salvador’s bitcoin adoption. These include promotion of financial digitization, streamlining remittances as well as opening the country to digital currency miners. However, not all agree that the move is a step in the right direction.

Amongst the detractors of the scheme are the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, each having warned El Salvador about the risks of Bitcoin’s use as legal tender. The World Bank has been irked by what it described as “environmental and transparency shortcomings” with bitcoin, while the IMF cited “economic and legal concerns” in relation to the move.

Other than the push back from these international bodies, there has been some internal opposition to the adoption of Bitcoin. Citizens had held protests over Bitcoin’s adoption in August and about 67.9% of respondents in a poll said they disagreed with the government’s decision to adopt crypto. The results of the poll showed that 8 in 10 people had little confidence in the use of bitcoin as the currency.

In spite of the criticism, El Salvador’s government is moving forward and has reportedly installed 200 Bitcoin ATMs across the country. And in response to the World Bank’s environmental concerns, El Salvador’s president, Nayib Bukele, has said the country plans to power mining activities using renewable energy from the country’s volcanoes. In order to incentivize the use of Bitcoin in the country, any citizen who signs up for the country’s “Chivo” wallet will get 30$ worth of bitcoin.

All in all, the adoption of a cryptocurrency by a sovereign nation is seen as a testing ground for many, as this is a use case Bitcoin has never experienced in its 12-year history. Countries such as Brazil and Panama seem to be watching the move to draw insights on whether to follow suit.

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6 Cryptocurrencies to leverage for Building Personal Wealth Long Term

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“Investing in Crypto should be viewed as another path towards financial independence that can help people beat inflation over time.”

—Alex Mashinsky (CEO, Celsuis)

The Crypto market is blooming. Nearly 1 in every 3 individuals in Africa, particularly Nigeria, currently trade cryptocurrencies for one purpose or the other. For more than a decade now, blockchain technology has pervaded the financial markets and persistently received traction from various quarters. Its adoption rate in Africa is a force to be reckoned with. The reports are glaring enough. This has then cultivated the growing appeal of the people in trying to employ crypto as a viable tool to build wealth, albeit long term.

Recently, thousands of cryptocurrencies were known to exist in the market and the numbers keep expanding. It is, therefore, imperative that these digital coins are closely observed to identify the favourable ones for a long-term game. We, at Decentralize Africa, know this. You don’t need to make any emotional rush. This is why we’ve put together highlights of sustainable cryptos that can help you build a fortune over time if you play your cards right.

  • Ethereum (ETH)

Coming first on the pack is Ethereum. The reason for this is not far-fetched. Earlier this year, ethereum was said to have amassed a market capitalization running into billions of dollars. As if that is not enough, Ethereum pointed out its plans to remake its consensus algorithm. This will in no small measure help the crypto network perform several seamless operations and that too with reduced energy. 

The major change that was done to Ethereum’s network, i.e, a modification to Proof-of-stake, will enable players in the system to pitch ethers in a more protected and also rewarding account. This is quite comparable to the bitcoin system. So, yes, Etherum is something that should be in the plans. 

  • Stellar (XLM)

Of course, Stellar has to find a place here, innit? For one, the cryptocurrency holds promising potential for those interested in the long shot. It is more or less a fertile space in the string of blockchain networks. Most of us are privy to how tedious, cross-border transactions tend to appear. This is where Stellar comes in. The versatile platform is capable of completing payments in a matter of seconds at a meagre fee; which is payable using the Stellar coins. Stellar’s efficiency is no doubt commendable. Although like most coins, it has had its share of a downward trend in prices, there is no doubt that Stellar is yet to reach its peak. As such, analysts have observed that there’s room for expansive growth as the year’s roll by. 

  • Bitcoin (BTC)

This sequence is deliberate though. We all know the mighty bitcoin will be here, don’t we? Bitcoin has amassed a wild price range, an ever-growing market capitalization and its prospects for investment opportunities speak loud enough. Although there is an influx of cryptocurrencies today, Bitcoin embodies a large percentage of the market value. 

Investing in bitcoin is never a bad business. It has its lows of course, but it jumps pretty back in most cases. Its wide acceptability is a testament to this fact. Several companies are integrating bitcoin in their payment structure, and business-men, banks are not left in the loop as well.

  • Solana (SOL)

Interestingly, Solana is one of the few digital coins to maintain a steady rise in value. It came up the pack in 2017 and has since improved its value system over time. It offers enticing packages, by being used to complete rapid transactions and every other thing that makes it a good catch. Solana might seem a bit obscure at the moment, but it is certainly one of the best to look out for.

  • Chainlink (LINK)

More accessibility means more acceptance, right? Chain-link is that cryptocurrency that’s relatively available to most people. It’s inexpensive and a good store of value as well. This is one of the reasons that attracts many investors to it. If you are looking to invest in a cryptocurrency in this context, this is one of the coins that can help build your financial portfolio in the long run. 

  • Cardano (ADA)

It is observed that the Cardano network holds a somewhat appealing impression for myriads of reasons. It consumes far less energy which then translates to a faster transaction rate. Also, it proves to be secure and it is one blockchain network that is quite keen on developing its systems.

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